On this day: 28 October 1876; Suspected serial killer, Henri de Tourville, is arrested at his London home.

More detail on the ‘de Tourville’ case and George Clarke’s numerous Victorian crime investigations can be found in my 2011 biography of Clarke: ‘The Chieftain

Today, I am continuing my series of blog posts on the investigations of Detective Chief Inspector George Clarke of Scotland Yard.

On the evening of Saturday 28th October 1876, Henri Dieudonnee Perreau de Tourville  was arrested at his London home by George Clarke,  accompanied by Detective Sergeants George Greenham and Charles von Tornow.  De Tourville, born in France, but now a naturalised Briton and a qualified (but non-practising) barrister, was charged on an extradition warrant with the murder in Austria of his second wife. However, this was not the first time that  Clarke had encountered de Tourville.

Back in April 1868, just as the Clerkenwell Explosion trial was about to start at the Old Bailey, London’s Metropolitan Police Commissioner, Sir Richard Mayne,  sent Clarke to Lymm, Cheshire, to investigate the suspicious death of a rich widow, Mrs Elizabeth Brigham, who had died in her breakfast room at Foxley Hall from a shot to the head from a revolver.

A ‘Penny Dreadful’s’ representation of the suspicious death of Elizabeth Brigham with Henri Perreau pictured left.

The Stelvio Pass, Wikipedia

Scotland Yard had not been called in to investigate this incident until after an inquest jury had already delivered a verdict of accidental death.  However,  rumours had emerged that  Mrs Brigham had been killed by her son-in-law, Monsieur Henri Perreau,  to gain access to her substantial estate. Despite their verdict, the inquest jury had  criticised Perreau for his ‘great carelessness’ in demonstrating his new revolver to his mother-in-law.  Perreau’s claim  had been that, while showing her how his gun was loaded,  he had handed it to her at her request and at that point the revolver had been accidentally discharged at such an angle that she had been shot in the head. Clarke’s investigations were hampered by the accidental death verdict, as he would need to find significant new evidence to take the case any further. In fact, he returned from his visit to Lymm expressing the view that there was insufficient new evidence to contest the verdict….and there matters rested until August 1876.

On 15 August 1876, Jonathan Oldfield, one of the trustees of Mrs Brigham’s estate wrote to Clarke to ask if he had heard the news of the suspicious death in July in Austria of Madeline de Tourville (another rich woman), the wife of  ‘Henri de Tourville’.  Oldfield believed that ‘de Tourville’ was in fact, the man known to both Clarke and himself as Henri Perreau.

Madeline de Tourville had been found dead on the Stelvio Pass in the Austrian Tyrol in July 1876. The Austrian authorities had investigated her death, and had held Henri de Tourville for questioning for several days.  However he was freed by the Austrians after a Commission (effectively a Magistrate’s court) had accepted de Tourville’s argument that his wife had fallen accidentally from the road to her death while they were out walking.

Armed with the information from Oldfield, Clarke remorselessly pursued ‘de Tourville’, who indeed proved to be the same person as  ‘Henri Perreau’.  After conducting his own investigations, Clarke persuaded the Austrian authorities that there was a strong case to be answered by de Tourville for the murder of his second wife and, after some weeks, Clarke obtained their agreement to re-arrest de Tourville and to apply for his extradition for trial in Austria.

Victorian barrister, Montagu Williams: “Defender of lost causes” and a member of de Tourville’s legal team.

De Tourville employed two of the most able  Victorian  barristers, Harry Poland and Montagu Williams in his defence,  but they failed to block his extradition. (In his autobiography, Williams commented that de Tourville ‘was certainly not a very pre-possessing person’). The prosecution case was also assisted by the forensic interpretations of Dr Thomas Bond, later to become best known for his association with the ‘Jack the Ripper’ inquiries, and one of the first individuals to attempt offender-profiling.

Dr Thomas Bond; Victorian forensic pathologist and expert witness (Wikipedia)

The extradition of de Tourville was delayed by a few days by poor weather but early in January 1877, Clarke arrived in Hamburg and  handed his prisoner over to representatives from Austria.  Later that year,  Clarke and Sergeant  von Tornow attended de Tourville’s trial at Botzen, Austria.  Amongst the items in Clarke’s luggage was a section of the skull of Mrs Brigham which he produced as an exhibit when giving evidence in the Austrian court about the earlier death of de Tourville’s first mother-in-law at Lymm! A guilty verdict with regard to the murder of Madeline de Tourville was delivered on 2 July 1877 by the Austrian jury with an 11 to 1 majority.

So was de Tourville a serial killer? Very probably.  It seems pretty certain that he killed his second wife, and  his first mother-in-law at least.  It is also clear from Clarke’s original 1876 case notes (still available at the National Archives at Kew) that he was convinced of de Tourville’s guilt in these two suspicious deaths.  In the early 1900s, some popular true crime authors contended that de Tourville may have murdered, or attempted the murder of, up to eight people.   However, most of those accounts contain a great deal of misinformation, including, for example the incorrect name of de Tourville’s mother-in-law, the wrong location for the Lymm murder and the wrong name for the investigating detective, amongst other inaccuracies. Thus for my  full, and hopefully accurate, analysis of the case,  please see pages 106-108 and 187-198 of my book ‘The Chieftain‘.

 

 

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4 Responses to On this day: 28 October 1876; Suspected serial killer, Henri de Tourville, is arrested at his London home.

  1. Denise Hope says:

    I am a British person living in Meran in South Tyrol (now part of Italy), not very far from the Stilfser Joch. I am investigating the British and other English-speaking people who visited or lived here in the late 19th and early 20th centuries when Meran was a very fashionable cosmopolitan spa in the Austrian Empire. I plan eventually to write a book about them. Anglicans who died here were buried in the German Evangelical cemetery. Among the burial registers for the cemetery I came across the following which might interest you:
    Frau Madelaine de Tourville, Anglican, from London, buried 9. 8. 1876. Grave ClassII.

    The grave itself is no longer in existance as it was given up and sold for resuse in 1936.
    I assume you would have no objection to my mentioning your book among the various sources of information relating to the case?

    • admin says:

      Many thanks for your comment Denise. I would be delighted if you would mention my book amongst your information sources and thank you very much for sharing your information. I was interested to see that Madeleine de Tourville was buried in a “Class II” grave; interesting confirmation perhaps that the murderous Henri de Tourville was certainly not a generous husband, although I did read that he had planned to re-inter her in Paris. However, from your comment it would seem that the reinterment never proceeded.

    • Robert Mclaren says:

      Hi

      I am trying to contact Denise Hope, her research in South Tyrol, ties into a person I am trying to research. (Psych Hoste)

      I am from Australia – can you pass this email and my address onto her. Or send me her email address.

      mclaren55@bigpond.com

      thanks

      Rob McLaren
      Leopold, Victoria, Australia

  2. admin says:

    Rob, I’ve emailed Denise Hope and sent her your contact details and from her positive response I expect that she may already have emailed you or will do so shortly. Regards, Chris Payne

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